II thermal insulation It is a material that allows us to improve the energy efficiency of our home. By installing these materials in specific parts of our home, we can reduce our electricity and gas bills without sacrificing our comfort.
But which parts of the house can be insulated?
thermal insulation of walls
Et We insulate the outer walls of the house a thermal bridge to the interior can be avoided. Avoiding heat transfer not only saves energy costs, but also improves comfort and avoids certain problems that can negatively affect our health.
One of those problems is internal condensationThis can lead to moisture, mold growth and their harmful and unsightly consequences.
In the following link we will tell you how to avoid moisture from condensation.
If we need to separate some rooms in the house, we should also thermally insulate the internal walls. For example, those adjacent to a garage, storage rooms, laundry room, etc.
Find out what interior and exterior wall cladding you can use.
Thermal insulation of facades
In buildings, those walls that form the facade of the building are most exposed to atmospheric influences. So they need one Special insulation treatment for thermal comfort without negatively affecting energy consumption.
they exist two high-performance façade thermal insulation systems of a house. One is the SATE external thermal insulation system and the other is the ventilated facade.
External thermal insulation system – SATE
The external thermal insulation system, known by the acronym SATE, consists of installing insulating material on the outside of the house through a mixed installation system.
You can contact a thermal insulation specialist here.
The insulation system is fastened using adhesive and mechanical fastening technology. It is used both in new construction and in the renovation of buildings. The aim is to thermally and acoustically isolate the interior of the house from the exterior.
The other system of insulating the outer wall of the house is called ventilated facade. It consists of an outer cladding made of thermal insulation, an aluminum construction and ventilated facade panels made of different materials.
Among the most used are stone, ceramic, composite panels, high pressure laminate, pre-painted or galvanized steel, etc. With this system it is possible to avoid thermal bridge and internal condensation of the house.
Insulate the floor
The floor of the house must be insulated to avoid heat exchange, especially if there is an unheated environment underneath, such as a garage.
If the temperature difference between the environment and the ground is large, condensation will occur, resulting in dampness, mold, etc.
One of the most effective solutions is to lay polyurethane foam and floor coverings on top. If you choose floating floors or laminate floors, you can use polyethylene foam covers.
Thermal insulation of ceilings
When we heat a medium, the heat increases. And if we don’t have a good barrier on the roof, heat will be lost and heating consumption will increase. Insulating the roof also avoids a thermal bridge to the outside.
Find out which insulation materials are best for the roof depending on the structure.
The most effective solutions that do not require ceiling reform are the installation of suspended ceilings using insulating materials in the form of sheets or plates.
Energy saving openings
Much of the heat in the house escapes through the windows. If the speakers are not of high quality, the energy efficiency of the house is very likely to be very low.
To determine if they are effective, several points of their structure must be checked. Such as bezel type, profile, glass and density.
Find out how aluminum roller shutter windows can optimize energy consumption.
The degree of permeability and tightness provides information about the effectiveness of the opening against wind and water. The permeability is measured in m3/hour and indicates the amount of air that flows through the housing in one hour. The lower this value, the better the insulating effect.
On the other hand, density indicates the ability to prevent water from accumulating on the surface. There are two types of parameters that show us according to the standard chosen. In any case, the higher this value, the better.
A simple and cheaper solution is to use decorative moldings for doors and windows. How to install the window moldings.
In order to insulate the environment well, it is necessary to resort to double and triple glazing systems. Its effectiveness is due to the air chamber created between the lenses. For a window to have good energy efficiency, it must have a glass thickness of at least 6 mm and an air chamber of 16 mm.
To increase the insulation of some cases, the air chamber is filled with argon gas.
Opening system, materials and profile
High-quality openings serve to isolate the house from the outside climate. However, if you have a choice, folding and tilting systems are the most effective opening systems for thermal insulation of the environment.
When it comes to materials, wood is one of the least effective. On the other hand, PVC is the ideal material because over time it only yellows and loses its aesthetics. Aluminum windows with the RPT system (Thermal Bridge Break) are the best option due to their efficiency and the variety of colors available.
Here you will find reference prices for material and labor.
In summary, the most effective thermally insulated windows are windows with PVC or RPT aluminum profiles, with glazing at least 6/16/6, better if the air chamber is filled with argon gas and has a damper system folds or oscillates.
In addition, windows with blinds are more insulating and safer than those with a separate blind.
With these insulation techniques, we not only create a barrier against cold or heat. We can also build a noise barrier. In the link below you will find the keys to soundproofing your home.