Wooden floors are a guarantee of quality that we often associate with beautiful homes. Despite the changes in fashion and new innovations, this coating is still a favorite of owners. It has even been able to adapt to progress, in particular by offering new variants.
Indeed, with the arrival of modern technologies, the parquet has very varied variations which make it possible to install it in all the rooms. Now we are spoiled for choice when it comes to flooring. But the aesthetics of the parquet are not the only thing to take into account. Modern parquet has very important material variations which, in addition to influencing its appearance, define its resistance over time as well as its price.
A parquet generally costs between 40 € and 200 € per m², supply and installation included . Four important factors must be taken into account when calculating the cost of parquet: the type of parquet, the type of wood, the installation and the finishes. We come back to each of them in this article.
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Advantages and disadvantages of parquet
But above all, it is interesting to look at the characteristics of parquet.
Advantages of parquet
Parquet is obviously known for its aesthetic qualities and its comfort. It will immediately give a luxurious, noble and traditional image to your interior. It can also bring a contrast in a modern house to give an appearance both original and offbeat.
Then, depending on the option you choose, installing a parquet can be an economical solution . Indeed, there are affordable laminate flooring options available these days.
Disadvantages of parquet
Despite everything, the parquet has a major and rather restrictive drawback: its maintenance .
Indeed, unlike a floor covering such as tiling, wood is very demanding. For example, a floating or solid parquet requires a layer of protection which must be regularly renewed, but also a lot of precaution when cleaning. As for laminate flooring, it is afraid of water and it will therefore have to be cleaned with special products.
The different types of parquet
Parquet is not just a joint of planks. There are different styles, and you will have to choose the one that suits your needs and desires.
It is the one that is the most popular and the least expensive . Its low cost is explained by the fact that it is not really a parquet floor. Indeed, it does not include solid wood. They are in fact sheets of agglomerated particles solidified using a resin. The top side features a textured and colored sheet of paper, followed by a clear protective layer.
In general, the boards are very thin, with a thickness of less than a centimeter, and can be installed by interlocking. The price of a laminate parquet varies from 10 € / m² to 50 € / m² .
The advantage of this model is that it is made to be mounted without glue and without nails . The slats interlock with each other to form an even floor. Laminate floors are made up of two parts: the core, which is made from reconstituted wood, and a thin layer, about a few millimeters, which is placed on top.
Laminate parquet is the intermediate option between laminate parquet and solid parquet, both economically and aesthetically. The price of floating floors varies between 20 € / m² and 100 € / m² .
This option is the “Rolls-Royce” of the prosecution. It was she who made the most noble and luxurious look . Obviously, this is reflected directly on the price of parquet.
For a solid parquet, we assemble together wooden slats of less than 3cm, which will then be glued or nailed. The price of solid parquet varies from 50 € / m² to more than 150 € / m² depending on the wood species.
The different types of wood
The type of wood will have the most influence on your budget . Indeed, it is not the same thing to install an oak parquet (common and inexpensive) than in teak (exotic).
We can divide the essences into four main categories :
- Common and European species : they cost around € 15 to € 20 per m² . These are the most affordable woods.
- A little exotic species : this is the case, for example, of bamboo or wenge. Their price varies between € 30 and € 50 per m² .
- Exotic woods : like teak, for example. Their price varies from € 30 to € 200 per m² .
- Extremely exotic woods : like ebony. They sell from € 100 per m² .
To choose your species, you must take into account the room in which you will put your parquet , to have an idea of the use that will be made of it, but also the resistance they present.
For example, for solid or floating parquet, you can choose soft species such as mahogany, cherry or birch. They have the advantage of offering a fairly varied color range and accepting almost any finish. However, they are not rot-proof, so you cannot install them in a bathroom. If you are thinking of putting parquet in a wet room like the bathroom, go for exotic woods, like teak.
Next to this, there are so-called “hard” woods, such as oak, walnut or chestnut. They are very resistant, which is an advantage but also a disadvantage, because they will be more difficult to work and to sand.
Finishing the parquet
Depending on the wood and, above all, the type of parquet you have chosen, you will have to include the finishes in your budget. Among these, we note for example vitrification or treatment for solid wood. In this regard, note that laminate and solid parquet require a special protective layer that will allow the parquet to survive wear and tear.
When you inquire with a professional, you will need to address the issue of finishing. This will have an important influence on the final price. So ask that it be included in the quote to avoid additional costs being added later.
There are several solutions for finishing parquet floors. Each of them offers different aesthetics and different levels of resistance. You will therefore have to choose your finish according to the use of the parquet and the regular level of care you can bring to your floor.
Here are the four main types of finishes :
- Vitrification : this is the most classic. It consists of applying a layer of varnish on the top layer of the parquet, which will make it harder.
- Oil : applying a layer of oil will give your coating good protection, while giving it a natural appearance. Indeed, an oiled parquet is not as shiny as a vitrified parquet. However, be aware that this finish requires applying oil several times a year.
- Wax : natural wax protects the parquet by filling its pores, and it will give you a soft finish. However, waxed parquet cannot stand water and requires regular maintenance.
- The effects : if you are interested, you can give your parquet a stylish effect, such as artificial aging that will give it the image of an old parquet.
After choosing your type of parquet, wood and finishes, you will need to take an interest in its installation. This depends on the type of parquet you have chosen. In some cases, the installation will have a real impact on the final cost. Indeed, in the case of solid wood parquet, for example, the installation is so complex that it could represent half of your final budget.
To lay a parquet, the first step is obviously to prepare the ground. You will need a clean floor in good condition, as well as good tools. In addition, the support must be insulated with a foam film. In some cases, joists will have to be laid to receive the parquet.
The type of pose
There are several types of installation, and they are not all adaptable to all types of parquet. In general, you will have the choice between three types of poses :
- The floating pose : this is the most common . It can be made with click-in parquet, which therefore limits the scope of its use to laminate and floating floors. It is easy to set up , because all you have to do is put the planks on the ground and snap them together. The insulating foam on the floor prevents the slats from slipping, while the obligatory plinths at the periphery of the rooms keep the parquet as it is.
- Glued laying : this technique is to be used with solid parquet floors . It involves gluing the boards directly to the ground with a special glue. It is the most solid technique . It is recommended for humid rooms or with underfloor heating.
- Nailed installation : this solution is complex to set up because it involves nailing the parquet on a grid of joists. However, it has the advantage of improving the insulation thanks to this empty space, and of being easily removable.
The price of the installation
It is recommended that you hire a professional to install a parquet, as this will simplify your task and ensure a job well done. If you want to start installing your coating yourself, you will need to be well equipped and be patient, because you risk delaying the installation of the boards.
If you are not equipped, you will need to rent several necessary tools , including a ruler, punching square and scribing square, a cutter and saw, aluminum tape, a mallet and a hammer. The rental of these tools costs between 100 € and 200 € approximately .
If you call in a professional , know that the price of laying the parquet varies according to the type of installation chosen.
Thus, for a floating floor, it will be necessary to spend around 25 € per m² for a clipped installation, or 30 € per m² for a glued installation .
The installation of a solid parquet floor is the most expensive installation. Here are the prices to be expected depending on the type of installation:
- Glued down installation : it costs around 25 € per m². At this price, we must add 20 € for the overall installation including baseboards and other options. The total budget therefore rises to 45 € per m² .
- Nailed installation : it is more expensive. It takes 35 € per m² for installation, to which must be added 20 € for the overall installation. The total price then rises to € 55 per m² .
You now have the information you need to make the right decision for your project. However, don’t forget to ask for quotes and compare the services.