A vertical garden is a structure placed vertically as if it were a wall. In them Special plants are included to create urban landscaping with a significant visual imprint. The plants included may be ornamental or intended for consumption, as all kinds of vegetables may be included.
The green wall or wall can be placed inside or outside a building or house. The idea is to have green space, even if you do not have a lot of m2 of land for planting.
It is therefore an excellent solution to give life to some heavily built-up areas with very little clearance. Because the main structure is vertical, which may or may not be supported on a wall.
What plants are used in a vertical garden?
These gardens are ideal for decoration because we can choose the plants to be placed in the structure, according to the style we want to give them and the season of the year. Although it is important to have a good appearance, this is the basic rule you should follow. meet the basic needs of the species we plant.
Some grow in dry, sunny places, while others get their best color in moist, shady places. The secret is to know which style you want to achieve and which types have the same needs.. A commonly used option is to place plants that love the sun and a little water in the higher areas. And in low-lying areas, leave some sunlight due to the presence of other buildings, the plants that benefit most from this atmosphere, such as ferns.
How to create a vertical garden for your home?
To build a vertical garden at home, we must follow a series of steps.
Choose the right area
The first step is to find the ideal area for installing the structure, in general, a vertical garden can be placed in any environment outside or inside the house.
In the next article we will tell you about the benefits of houseplants.
To select the area where the vertical garden will be installed, certain factors must be taken into account. The first is to make sure you have a faucet nearby that will water your plants as often as needed.
The amount of natural light that will reach the structure and the maximum light hours. Balconies are one of the most popular places to create vertical gardens. Brings life and a more pleasant atmosphere for the whole house and building.
Have the necessary tools
Second, we need the right tools to get the job done. They will depend on the size of the yard we will create, although it is usually easier to work and maintain the yard with smaller and more convenient tools such as shovels, rakes, axes. spear, gloves, etc.
Then we have to start designing the construction, which can be home or custom. The most common way to do this at home is to recycle pallets.
Then we have to think about how we will get to the bed for growing, we talk about how we will take care of the plants, how the water is retained and how the oxygen gets into them. roots to grow plants effectively.
It is important to remember to create drainage holes so that excess water does not flood the vegetation.
Selection of plants
We have already finished and assembled the construction of the vertical garden, now we have to choose which plants to use. As we already know, there are plants that adapt to any type of environment. However, some species can survive indoors or outdoors, provided proper care is taken. These species include climbing plants, hosts, ferns or orchids.
Finally, the most important step in properly maintaining our vertical garden is to water it sufficiently and regularly, as the plants, as they are not in the ground, will need to be watered more often. But it all depends on the cultural bed, the selected plant species and the climate.
For the general health and aesthetics of plants it is also necessary to fertilize, weed and check for harmful insects and fungi.
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Types of vertical gardens
There are currently several ways to create a vertical garden. Some are very cheap and can be built in the same house, depending on the design we like the most.
In the next article we will explain how to make a vertical garden for your home.
Vertical garden bags
As its name suggests, this type of vertical garden consists of recycled bags attached to a structure or wall. Each plant is stored inside. On the market you can find a number of ready-made structures for bags.
Vertical wooden garden
When we turn the tree into a vertical garden, the drawers are recycled. Usually the best option is to place one drawer on one ladder on top of another. In each of them the plants will be housed with enough soil.
Vertical garden with pots
Choosing pots, we can place them on an iron structure, on the wall or just on shelves. Another option is to drill the shelves so that the jars can be placed.
Advantages of the vertical garden in your building or house
Having a vertical garden in a residential building has many advantages for homeowners, residents and neighbors. The most important are:
Provides more value to the building
The building or house acquires greater value when there is a vertical garden on its terrace or facade. Because the presence of these green walls means a natural and durable appearance associated with reduced energy costs.
Create a cleaner environment
Neighbors also take advantage of this green wall because the plants help clean up the environment. Generate more oxygen and humidity in the urban environment.
According to some studies, for every m2 of green wall in the city, it filters 2.3 kg of CO2 and generates 1.7 kg of O2.
Reduce the room temperature
The presence of plants makes it possible to lower the ambient temperature, which increases with the presence of cement in cities. Because they absorb 50% of the sun’s rays and reflect only 30%. For this reason, it is recommended to have plants near windows and even indoors to reduce air conditioning consumption.
Absorption of ambient noise indoors and outdoors
It is difficult to concentrate or relax with the usual noise that exists in highly urbanized cities. For plants on balconies and around the house, these noises are minimized to 8 dB. That would mean half.
Create a more pleasant environment
The existence of plants at home or at work promotes a healthier environment. Reduction of eye irritation, sore throat and other symptoms of fatigue and dehydration of the environment.
Better use of water
Green walls absorb rainwater, slowing access to sewers. This favors stabilizing groundwater levels and reducing flash floods. By absorbing rainwater, the amount of wastewater is also reduced.
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Take care and increase biodiversity
Some insects, such as butterflies and bees, take advantage of this type of environment. Like some species of birds that can visit these areas covered with concrete and bring color and joy.
Extends the life of the facade
If the vertical garden is installed on the facade of the building, it will be protected from bad weather conditions such as wind, rain, sun, sudden changes in temperature.
Natural fire barrier
Humidity generated by plants acts as a natural barrier against fires.
Feeling of well-being
The greenness of the plants stimulates the feeling of well-being and positivism. This color reduces stress and invites to a state of healing relaxation. Therefore, it is recommended to install in sanatoriums.
Some companies are already using organic waste to turn it into plant substrates for use in vertical gardens.
Now that we know what a vertical garden is, how to achieve it and how it benefits our daily lives, it is only a matter of illuminating and enlivening our terrace, balcony or facade.
If you have a patio, find out how to do it green roof.